Robert C. Bailey

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Associates with:
Gilgal Society
Colleagues & Benefactors:
Stephen Moses
Ronald H. Gray
Brian J. Morris
Bertran Auvert
Maria Wawer
Daniel T. Halperin

Robert C. Bailey is Professor of Epidemiology at the School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, and Research Associate at Field Museum in Chicago.[1] Bailey has been a circumcision proponent since at least 1998.[2] Bailey was responsible (along with Stephen Moses) for one of the three major African circumcision trials (funded by NIAID, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and the United States National Institutes of Health),[3][4][5] which are being used by the World Health Organization (under the guide of UNAIDS) to endorse circumcision as an HIV prevention method.[6] Bailey is associated with the Gilgal Society.[7]

Circumcision Research

Since 1995, Bailey has devoted most of his research activities to promoting male circumcision as a HIV prevention strategy.[8] He has conducted circumcision-related studies in varying communities in Uganda, Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, and the U.S. He has studied adverse events and conducted needs assessments associated with medical and traditional circumcisions in Kenya.

Bailey is the principal investigator of the randomized controlled trial of male circumcision to reduce HIV incidence in Kisumu, Kenya, and he has served as a consultant to WHO, UNAIDS, UNICEF, the World Bank, USAID, the CDC, and other national and international governmental and non-governmental agencies.[1]

In 2010, Bailey published a study with Brian J. Morris.[9]

Deceptive Tactics

In Bailey's trial, the circumcised group had specific instructions to abstain from sex and use condoms that the intact control group did not. Bailey has admitted that "repeated study visits and intensive behavioral counseling" of the circumcised men were needed to reduce risk behaviors.[10]

"Research" advocating infant circumcision has been published by the University of Illinois and the Nyanza Reproductive Health Society.[11] While it may appear as if two independent medical organizations are publishing research, Robert Bailey happens to be a Professor of Epidemiology and an adjunct professor of Anthropology in the University of Chicago at Illinois, as well as the Secretary of the Board of the Nyanza Reproductive Health Society.


Bailey is one of the primary modern day advocates for male circumcision. His research interest include "male circumcision as a strategy for HIV/STD prevention." He has written numerous articles advocating wholesale circumcision campaigns.[12] He is not a medical doctor or even a medical epidemiologist, but rather holds degrees in Anthropology and "behavioral epidemiology".[13] He has recently been described as "frustrated and impatient" with the alleged slowness to act on his research.[14]

Bailey and Daniel T. Halperin convinced eastern and south African "healers" to perform foreskin removal "as a way to alleviate chronic STD infection and prevent AIDS" in the 1990's. During the nineties alone, they convinced hundreds of South African men that circumcision would prevent HIV.[15]


“ I know foreskin is not pretty, but these slides are pretty. ”
R. Bailey (The Lawrentian) [16]

“ “We’re hacking away at it every month,” Dr. Bailey said. “Those foreskins are flying.” ”
R. Bailey (NY Times) [17]


  1. a b REFweb kaiser network. "Robert C. Bailey". Retrieved 2011-02-27.
  2. Moses S, Bailey RC, Ronald AR. Male circumcision: assessment of health benefits and risks. Sex Transm Infect 1998;74(5):368-73.
  3. REFweb Doctors Opposing Circumcision. "The Use of Male Circumcision to Prevent HIV Infection". Retrieved 2011-03-05. "...funding from the United States National Institutes of Health to conduct randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in Africa."
  4. REFjournal Krieger JN, Bailey RC, Opeya J, "et al." (2005, November): Adult male circumcision: results of a standardized procedure in Kisumu District, Kenya, in: BJU Int.. 96 (7):1109–13, PMID, DOI.
  5. 12. Bailey RC, Moses S, Parker CB, et al. Male circumcision for HIV prevention in young men in Kisumu, Kenya: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2007;369:643-56
  6. REFweb WHO (World Health Organization). [ "Information Package on Male Circumcision and HIV Prevention"]. Retrieved 2011-04-29.
  7. REFweb Morris, Brian C.. "Sex and Circumcision What every Woman needs to know", The Gilgal Society. Retrieved 2011-02-27.
  8. REFweb NIH. "Pubmed Search: Robert C. Bailey". Retrieved 2011-02-27.
  9. REFjournal Gray RH, Bailey RC, Morris BJ (2010, June): Keratinization of the adult male foreskin and implications for male circumcision, in: AIDS. 24 (9):1381; author reply 1381–2, PMID, DOI.
  10. REFnews (August 20, 2007)."Circumcision Age-old surgery touted to reduce HIV", rinidad Express. Retrieved 2011-02-27.
  11. REFnews (2 July, 2012)."Kenya: Nyanza Residents Warm Up to Infant Male Circumcision", All Africa (Samuel Otieno). Retrieved 2012-07-06. "The research, conducted by the University of Illinois and the Nyanza Reproductive Health Society to assess the acceptability of infant male circumcision..."
  12. REFweb NIH. "Pubmed Search: Robert C. Bailey", NIH. Retrieved 2011-02-27.
  13. REFweb Bailey, Robert C.. "", kaiser network. Retrieved 2011-02-27.
  14. REFnews (24 July, 2007)."GLOBAL: AIDS community moving too slowly on male circumcision", Plus News, IRIN. Retrieved 2011-02-27.
  15. REFjournal Slack, Gordy (2000-05-19): The Case For Circumcision, in: Express Online.
  16. Gajewski. (2008-05-02). The impacts of male circumcision in Africa. "The Lawrentian"
  17. Pam Belluck. (2011-09-26). Obstacles Slow an Easy Way to Prevent H.I.V. in Men. "NY Times."