Mohel

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From the English Wikipedia:

A mohel (Hebrew מוֹהֵל moˈhel, Ashkenazi pronunciation ˈmɔɪ.əl, plural: מוֹהֲלִים mohalim mo.haˈlim, מוֹהֲלָא mohala, "circumciser") is a Jewish person trained in the practice of brit milah, the "covenant of circumcision."

Under Jewish law, a mohel must draw blood from the circumcision wound. Most mohels do it by hand with a suction device, but some Orthodox groups use their mouth to draw blood after cutting the foreskin.[1][2]

Holt (1913) reported tuberular mohels were trasmitting tuberulosis to infant boys.[3]

[4][5] The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a warning in 2012 about the health implications of this practice, citing 11 cases of neonatal HSV and two recorded fatalities.[6]

A 2013 review of cases of neonatal Herpes infections in Israel identified ritual circumcision as the source of HSV-1 transmission in 31.8% of the cases.[7]

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is associated with ritual circumcision by a mohel.

References

  1. REFjournal Hartog, Kelly (17 February 2005): Death spotlights old circumcision rite, in: JewishJournal.com. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  2. REFweb (2 February 2005). Rabbi probed for circumcised infants' herpes, nbcnews.com. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  3. REFjournal Holt, LE (12 July 1913): Tuberculosis acquired through ritual circumcision, in: JAMA. 61(2):99-102, DOI. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  4. REFjournal Distel, R. / V. Hofer / S. Bogger-Goren / I. Shalit / B.Z. Garty (2003): Primary genital herpes simplex infection associated with Jewish ritual circumcision, in: Isr Med Assoc J. 5:893–894, PMID. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  5. REFjournal (June 2013): Penile herpes simplex virus type 1 infection presenting two and a half years after Jewish ritual circumcision of an infant, in: Sex Transm Dis. 40(6):516-517. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  6. REFjournal Baum, S.G. (8 June 2012): Neonatal Herpes Simplex Virus Infection Following Jewish Ritual Circumcisions that Included Direct Orogenital Suction — New York City, 2000–2011, in: Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 61:405–409. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  7. REFjournal Koren, Amir, et al. (2013): Neonatal Herpes Simplex virus infections in Israel, in: Pediatr Infect Dis J. 32:120-123. Retrieved 25 October 2019.