A unifying term used to describe the postnatal structure, which develops from the genital tubercle in utero. This structure may grow in response to androgens pre- or postnatal and may also have a urethra along the ventral aspect. It is typically referred to as the clitoris in endosex females and the penis in endosex males.
The clitorophallus, or glans, is a critical structure in sexual development and plays an important role in how gender is conceptualized across the life span. This can be seen in both the evaluation and treatment of intersex individuals and the use of gender-affirming masculinizing therapies to help those born with a clitoris (small clitorophallus with separate urethra) enlarge or alter the function of that structure.
- Grimstad F, Boskey ER, Taghinia A, Estrada CR, Ganor O. The role of androgens in clitorophallus development and possible applications to transgender patients. Andrology. 8 April 2021; 9(6): 1719-28. DOI. Retrieved 29 November 2021.