UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

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The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (commonly abbreviated as the CRC, UNCRC or UN-CRC) is an international human rights treaty which sets out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children.[1] The Convention defines a child as any human being under the age of eighteen, unless the age of majority is attained earlier under national legislation.[2][3]

The UN General Assembly adopted the Convention and opened it for signature on 20 November 1989 (the 30th anniversary of its Declaration of the Rights of the Child). It came into force on 2 September 1990, after it was ratified by the required number of nations.[3]

As of 24 August 2021, 196 countries are party to it, including every member of the United Nations except the United States of America.[3]

Application of the UN-CRC to non-therapeutic circumcision of children

External links


  1. REFweb (2018). What is the CRC? (archive URL), The Campaign for U.S. Ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  2. REFweb (20 November 1989). Article 1 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Website of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), United Nations. Retrieved 6 November 2022.
  3. a b c REFweb Wikipedia article: Convention on the Rights of the Child. Retrieved 12 April 2022.