Amputation is the removal of a limb or body part by trauma, medical illness, or surgery. As a surgical measure, it is used to control pain or a disease process in the affected limb, such as malignancy or gangrene. In some cases, it is carried out on individuals as a preventive surgery for such problems. A special case is that of congenital amputation, a congenital disorder, where fetal limbs have been cut off by constrictive bands.
Amputation has also been used as a tactic in war and acts of terrorism; it may also occur as a war injury. In some cultures and religions, minor amputations or mutilations are considered a ritual accomplishment. When done by a person, the person executing the amputation is an "amputator".
The Wikipedia article Amputation lists various types of amputation, for legs, arms, and other body parts. In relation to genital mutilation, the following amputation types are of relevance:
- Amputation of the testicles (castration).
- Amputation of the penis (penectomy).
- Amputation of the foreskin (circumcision).
- Amputation of the clitoris (clitoridectomy).
Acrotomophilia refers to a paraphilia in which an individual expresses strong sexual interest in amputees.
Apotemnophilia is a neurological disorder in which otherwise sane and rational individuals express a strong and specific desire for the amputation of a healthy limb or limbs. There is often a sexual interest in becoming an amputee.
One of the piers of circumfetishist Jake H. Waskett said: “Some of us who do get erotic and sexual gratification out of not only the finished product, but also the procedure itself.” The “finished product” is the sexual interest in becoming an amputee and the “procedure itself” is akin to the IKEA effect that was previously discussed.
Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID)
Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID), formerly known as Amputee Identity Disorder, is a neurological and psychological disorder that makes sufferers feel they would be happier living as an amputee. It is typically accompanied by the desire to amputate one or more healthy limbs to achieve that end.
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