Universal Declaration of Human Rights

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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is the basis of all human rights agreements subsequently agreed between and among peoples and states, including the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child to which most intactivists refer when argueing pro children's rights and the protection of children against harm and violence.

(The following text or part of it is quoted from the free Wikipedia article Universal Declaration of Human Rights:)

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is an international document adopted by the United Nations General Assembly that enshrines the rights and freedoms of all human beings. Drafted by a UN committee chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt, it was accepted by the General Assembly as Resolution 217 during its third session on 10 December 1948 at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, France.[1] Of the 58 members of the United Nations at the time, 48 voted in favour, none against, eight abstained, and two did not vote.[2]


All 193 member states of the United Nations have ratified at least one of the nine binding treaties influenced by the Declaration, with the vast majority ratifying four or more.[1] While there is a wide consensus that the declaration itself is non-binding and not part of customary international law, there is also a consensus that many of its provisions are binding and have passed into customary social law,[3][4] although courts in some nations have been more restrictive on its legal effect.[5][6] Nevertheless, the UDHR has influenced legal, political, and social developments on both the global and national levels, with its significance partly evidenced by its 530 translations.[7]

See also

External links


  1. a b REFweb (13 August 2020). Human Rights Law (archive URL), United Nations. Retrieved 5 June 2024.
  2. REFweb (21 January 2019). A/RES/217(III) (archive URL), UNBISNET. Retrieved 5 June 2024.
  3. REFbook Steiner HJ, Alston P: International Human Rights in Context: Law, Politics, Morals. Edition: 2. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  4. REFweb Hannum H. The universal declaration of human rights in National and International Law Icons-mini-file pdf.svg. Retrieved 5 June 2024.
  5. REFjournal Posner, Eric. (The Guardian) The case against human rights 4 December 2014; Retrieved 5 June 2024.
  6. Sosa v. Alvarez-Machain, 542 U.S. 692, 734 (2004).
  7. REFweb OHCHR, www.ohchr.org. Retrieved 5 June 2024.