Rakai Health Sciences Program

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Rakai Project Site
Ronald Gray & Maria Wawer (married) head the project.

The Rakai Health Sciences Program (RHSP) is a program that began in 1987 in Uguanda, Africa to investigate the then-mysterious HIV.[1] The RHSP is headed by husband and wife team Ronald Gray and Maria Wawer (the Senior Principal Investigators),[2] who conduct biased research to look for justifications in rolling out mass circumcision programs around the world.[3] The RHSP is funded by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School for Public Health, the Uguanda Virus Research Institute, the National Institutes of Health, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.[4][5]

History of the RHSP

The Rakai Project was created in 1987 by a group of scientists from Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda who decided to investigate HIV infection in the Rakai district by initiating a small community cohort study. The original senior Principal Investigators of the Rakai Project were Nelson Sewankambo, David Serwadda, and Maria Wawer.[1] The Rakai Project has since changed its name to the Rakai Health Services Program, and has a current staff of just under 400 principal investigators, multidisciplinary professionals, and support staff.[1]

Promoting circumcision as an HIV prevention method

The RHSP promotes mass circumcision as a means to prevent the spread of HIV. A Youtube video uploaded by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School for Public Health highlights the RHSP's mass circumcision program.[3]

Rakai Project Doctor Promotes Circumcision
It's been hard to change policy because it's a whole new paradigm. We've never used surgery to prevent an infectious disease. Policy makers had to take some time to really wrap their minds around it.
Ronald Gray (Rakai Project)[6]

Music video

At the Rakai clinic, a propaganda music video promoting circumcision plays continuously in the waiting room.[7][8]

Chorus Lyrics
Men should be circumcised
Bridge/Outro Lyrics (female singer)
Circumcision has got many benefits. You'll become clean, clean, and cleaner... and when the men are circumcised, it reduces sexual infections in women. Circumcision is SO GOOD. Circumcision is SO SAFE. Men should be circumcised!

See also

External links


  1. a b c REFweb Rakai Project. History of the Rakai Health Sciences Program. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
  2. REFweb Rakai Project. Our People at Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
  3. a b REFweb JohnsHopkinsSPH (10 January 2012). Rakai Project.
  4. REFweb Rakai Project. Rakai Health Sciences Program. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
  5. REFnews Kong, Xiangrong (28 February 2011)."18th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, Boston, Massachusetts". Retrieved 2 May 2011. "Longer-term Effects of Male Circumcision on HIV Incidence and Risk Behaviors during Post-trial Surveillance in Rakai, Uganda" Acknowledgements slide Video of Presentation with Slides and Audio Download Link
  6. JohnsHopkinsSPH. (2010). Rakai Project. YouTube.
  7. REFweb JohnsHopkinsSPH (10 January 2012). Rakai Project.
  8. REFweb smugamba (10 October 2006). Rakai male circumcision video by Stephen Mugamba feat Jemima Sanyu.mpg.