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Circumcised is the participle of the verb to circumcise. It functions as an adjective applied to the incomplete penis and to males with an incomplete penis, which has had an essential, functional part (the foreskin) excised, resulting in a condition of male genital mutilation (MGM).

Circumcised males

Circumcised males experience physical and psychic trauma and have a life-long loss of various physiological functions. All have a physical circumcision scar.

Psychic scars are not visible, but most experience behavioral changes. Denial of loss is common.[1] Circumcised men who become fathers may exhibit adamant father syndrome.

Circumcised males lack a foreskin and do not have a preputial sac. Circumcised males may experience tight and painful erection and are more likely to have excess hair on the shaft of the penis.

Circumcised males lose most or all of their gliding action.[2]

Most circumcised males experience a masturbation handicap.[2] [3]

Laumann et al. (1997) reported, "circumcised men engage in a more elaborated set of sexual practices."[4]

Circumcised males may have more difficulty with penetration.[5]

Surprisingly, many circumcised men are ignorant of their lost function. They may not know that they are circumcised. Many men cannot recognize their circumcision scar as a scar.[6] They frequently believe the fraudulent claims of health benefits and count themselves fortunate to be circumcised! Others may be in denial of loss — the first stage of grief.

For the longer term, non-surgical foreskin restoration may help to improve sensation.


Circumcised is a Biblical term. It occurs 43 times in the Bible. The first occurrence is in Genesis 17:10. It also is used as a noun to refer to the Hebrews.

Legal opinion

Family Court Judge Sir James Munby ruled in the case of B & G that excision of the functional foreskin of the penis constituted "significant harm".[7]

See also


  1. REFjournal Hill G. The case against circumcision PDF. Journal of Men's Health and Gender. 2007; 4(3): 318-23. Retrieved 1 October 2023.
  2. a b REFjournal Spratling EJ. Masturbation in the Adult. Medical Record. 1895; : 442-3. Retrieved 6 August 2023.
  3. REFjournal Kim DS, Pang MG. The effect of male circumcision on sexuality PDF. BJU Int. March 2007; 99(3): 619-622. PMID. DOI. Retrieved 4 November 2023.
  4. REFjournal Laumann EO, Masi CM, Zuckerman EW. Circumcision in the United States: prevalence, prophylactic effects, and sexual practice. JAMA. 2 April 1997; 277(13): 1052-1057. PMID. DOI. Retrieved 30 October 2023.
  5. REFjournal Taves DR. The intromission function of the foreskin. Med Hypotheses. August 2002; 59(2): 180-2. PMID. DOI. Retrieved 10 April 2024.
    Quote: Repeated measurements showed a 10-fold reduction of force on entry with an initially unretracted foreskin as compared to entry with a retracted foreskin.
  6. REFbook Bigelow, Ph.D, Jim (1995): Psychological factors related to infant circumcision, in: The Joy of Uncircumcising. Edition: Second Edition. 242 pages. Aptos: Hourglass. P. 110. ISBN 0-934061-22-X. Retrieved 13 August 2023.
  7. REFweb (14 January 2015). Re B and G (Children) (No 2) [2015] EWFC 3. Retrieved 10 June 2022.