Catheterization of intact boys

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Catheterization of intact boys with a non-retractile foreskin in the United States and Canada frequently presents unique issues caused by the poor training and lack of knowledge of North American healthcare providers, who do not know how to insert a catheter when the boy has a normal intact foreskin.[1] The foreskin is normally non-retractable in childhood.[2] Such providers may attempt premature forced foreskin retraction to the harm of the boy[3] or even demand that the boy be circumcised to permit catheter insertion.

These issues do not occur in other advanced nations where healthcare providers are properly trained in the care of intact boys.

Carmack & Milos (2017) identified the issues with intact boys and provided all necessary information on the technique of inserting a catheter into the penis of an intact boy.[1] A PDF version is available and may be printed and provided to a health care provider.

See also

External links


  1. a b REFjournal Carmack, Adrienne, Milos, Marilyn F.. Catheterization without foreskin retraction. Can Fam Physician. March 2017; 63(3): 218-20. PMID. PMC. Retrieved 16 February 2023.
  2. REFjournal Wright JE. Further to the "Further Fate of the Foreskin". Med J Aust. 7 February 1994; 160: 134-135. PMID. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  3. REFjournal Deibart GA. The separation of the prepuce in the human penis. Anat Rec. 1933; 57: 387-99. DOI. Retrieved 7 October 2019.