From the English Wikipedia: The Brit Milah is the first part of the Jewish ritual circumcision procedure. It is supposedly required by the Abrahamic covenant, which is found in Genesis 17, however this chapter has been questioned and debunked by a Jewish scholar.
The brit milah (Hebrew: בְּרִית מִילָה; Ashkenazi pronunciation: bʁis ˈmilə, "covenant of circumcision"; Yiddish pronunciation: bris (bʀɪs)) is a Jewish religious male circumcision ceremony performed by a mohel on the eighth day of a male infant's life, as required by the Abrahamic covenant and the Halacha. The brit milah is followed by a celebratory meal.
A boy born to a Jewish mother is a Jew without regard to his circumcision status.
The Christian elders, meeting at the Council at Jerusalem in about 49 A.D. rejected Brit Milah as a Christian practice, however it remains a Jewish practice.
James Peron reported:
The original Biblical circumcision of Abraham's time was a relatively minor ritual circumcision procedure in which only the redundant end of the foreskin extending beyond the tip of the glans was removed. This was called "Milah". It is from this term that the Jewish Religious Covenant circumcision ritual Bris Milah or Brith Milah got its name.
Brit Milah is performed by a mohel.
Medical science has identified several risks associated with Brit Milah. Brit Milah is a surgical operation and, like all surgical operations, has the risks of infection, bleeding, and surgical misadventure, up to and including loss of the penis and death.
- Abrahamic covenant
- Brit Shalom
- Metzitzah b'peh
- Penile herpes simplex virus type 1 infection (after Jewish ritual circumcision)
- Golish, Shlomo (2022).
The Parent's Comprehensive Guide to Bris Milah, The Bris Guide. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
- Chessler AJ (1997):
Judaism and Male Circumcision: The Bible and its Contradictions, in: Justifying the Unjustifiable: Rite v. Wrong. Buffalo Law Review. Retrieved 26 August 2023.
- Glick LB (2005):
Chapter One, in: Marked in Your Flesh: Circumcision from Ancient Judea to Modern America. Edition: 1st. Oxford University Press. Pp. 15-18. ISBN 9780195176742. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
- Peron JE. Circumcision: then and now. Many Blessings. 2000 (Spring); III: 41-2. Retrieved 25 August 2023.
- Holt LE. Tuberculosis acquired through ritual circumcision. JAMA. 1913; LXI(2): 99-102. Retrieved January 2022.
- Frieden, Thomas: An open letter to the Jewish Community from the New York City Health Commissioner , City of New York. (13 December 2005). Retrieved 9 January 2022.
- Smith RM. Recent contributions to the study of pyelitis in infancy. Am J Dis Child. 1916; XII: 235.243.
- Cohen H, et al. Postcircumcision Urinary Tract Infection. Clinical Pediatrics. 1992; : 322-324.
- Goldman M, Barr J, Bistritzer T, Aladjem M. Urinary tract infection following ritual jewish circumcision. Israel Journal of Medical Sciences. 1996; 32(11): 1098-1102.
- Prais D, Shoov-Furman R, Amir J. Is circumcision a risk factor for neonatal urinary tract infections?. Arch Dis Child. 6 October 2008; DOI.
- Toker O, Schwartz S, Segal G, Godovitch N, Schlesinger Y, Raveh D. A costly covenant: ritual circumcision and urinary tract infection . Isr Med Assoc J. May 2010; 12(5): 262-5. PMID. Retrieved 9 November 2023.