Association of male circumcision with homosexuality

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Association of male circumcision with homosexuality has been made by several researchers.


Schmideberg (1948) reported the case of a boy who had a traumatic circumcision at the age of eight and became a homosexual.[1]

Foley (1966) reported:

More recently, a study was made of admissions to a large Naval hospital. Of all admissions, 32% had been circumcised. Of all admission with the diagnosis of "overt homosexuality," 100% had been circumcised.[2]

Dave et al. (2003), working in the United Kingdom, reported that relative to intact men, circumcised men are more likely to report homosexual partners.[3]

The Pew Research Center (2021) reported the incidence of homosexuality in 2020 among U.S. males, who vary in circumcision status, was 3 percent, however among Jewish males, who are nearly 100 percent circumcised, the incidence of homosexuality was 4 percent.[4]

Wikipedia has published an article entitled Demographics of sexual orientation. It reports regarding Israel, where both Jews and Muslims circumcise boys for religious reasons, that 11.3 percent of men in 2012 reported same-gender attraction. The article cited an article from Archives of Sexual Behavior.[5] This was the highest reported percentage from any nation.


Rosemary Romberg (2021) commented:

It has been noted that there are some men who are otherwise heterosexual — perhaps they are married and have children, perhaps they have never had an overt homosexual encounter, but who have been circumcised and have an unusual interest in other men's foreskins. Possibly "foreskin envy", those strong feelings of missing something, is the basis of some men's homosexuality, and certainly in many more cases, the homosexual aspect of bisexuality. Some pose the theory that the original trauma of circumcision, and the resultant resentment over the lack of foreskin brings about a castration anxiety.[6]

Intact men also develop homosexuality, but apparently a greater percentage of circumcised men develop homosexuality. Circumcision may be an additional factor, among others, that contribute to the development of a homosexual orientation.

It is emphasized that association does not prove causation, but may indicate a subject for further investigation.


  1. REFjournal Schmideberg M. A Note on Homosexuality and Circumcision. Psychoanalytic Review. 1948; 35(2): 183-4. PMID. Retrieved 3 September 2023.
  2. REFjournal Foley JM. The unkindest cut of all. Fact. July 1966; 3(4): 2-9.
  3. REFjournal Dave SS, Johnson, AM, Fenton KA, et al. Male circumcision in Britain: findings from a national probability sample survey. Sex Trans Infect. December 2003; 79(6): 499-500. PMID. PMC. DOI. Retrieved 3 September 2023.
  4. REFweb Anonynmous (11 May 2021). Jewish demographics, Pew Research Center. Retrieved 19 September 2023.
  5. REFjournal Mor Z, Davidovich U. Sexual Orientation and Behavior of Adult Jews in Israel and the Association With Risk Behavior. Arch Sex Behav. August 2016; 45(6): 1563-71. PMID. DOI. Retrieved 20 September 2023.
  6. REFbook Romberg R (2021): The Question of Homosexuality, in: Circumcision — The Painful Dilemma. Ulf Dunkel (ed.). Edition: Second Edition, Revised. Kindle. P. 227. ISBN 23: 979-8683021252. Retrieved 31 August 2023.