Doctors Opposing Circumcision (D.O.C.)
The organization Doctors Opposing Circumcision (D.O.C.) - Physicians for Genital Integrity supports the WWDOGA. D.O.C. has members in 50 States, 12 Canadian Provinces and Territories, and in nations on six continents. DOC is headquartered in Seattle, Washington, United States. DOC combines expertise in medicine with expertise in law. Contributions to DOC are tax-deductible charitable contributions. DOC is a member of Child Rights Information Network. DOC claims members on six continents.
They are an international network of physicians dedicated to protecting the genital integrity and eventual autonomy of all children, serving both health professionals and the public through education, support, and advocacy.
Board of Directors and Advisors
- George C. Denniston, founder and President
- Mark Reiss, Executive Vice-President
- George Hill, Vice-President for Medical Science and Bioethics
- John V. Geisheker, Executive Director and General Counsel
- Zenas Baer, Member
- Adrienne Carmack, Member
- Gillian Longley, Member
- Mathias Masem, Member
- Amanda Morse, Member
- James L. Snyder Member
- Michaelle Wetteland, Member
- Michelle Storms, Advisor
- Gabriel Symonds, Advisor
- John W. Travis, Advisor
DOC was founded by University of Washington Medical School Professor George C. Denniston, M.D.[a 1], M.P.H.[a 2], in 1995 to support genital integrity for children and to discourage the surgical genital modification for cultural practices.
Doctors Opposing Circumcision (D.O.C.) is governed by a board of directors. As of 2019, Denniston served as chairman of the board and president and John V. Geisheker, J.D.[a 3], served as executive director.
DOC intervened in the Oregon case of Boldt vs Boldt, which technically was a child custody case, but actually about parental power to circumcise at will, by filing two amicus curiae educational briefs to help the court. As a result of DOC's intervention, the Oregon Supreme Court remanded the case to the trial court with instructions to determine the child's wishes regarding circumcision. DOC's intervention was cited by the court in its written opinion. The trial court determined that the child did not want to be circumcised and custody was changed from the father to the mother. This landmark case received critical comment in the medical ethics literature.
Doctors Opposing Circumcision (D.O.C.) has called on Ambassador Deborah L. Birx, M.D.[a 1], M.P.H.[a 2], the head of PEPFAR, to suspend the provision of male circumcision, because it is ineffective and to re-direct those funds to the provision of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and condoms.
- (April 2013).
Commentary on American Academy of Pediatrics 2012 Circumcision Policy Statement, Doctors Opposing Circumcision (D.O.C.). Retrieved 15 February 2020.
- Official website. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
Doctor of Medicine, Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 June 2021. In the United Kingdom, Ireland and some Commonwealth countries, the abbreviation MD is common.
Master of Public Health or Master of Philosophy in Public Health, Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
Juris Doctor, Wikipedia. Retrieved 13 October 2021. (Also known as Doctor of Law or Doctor of Jurisprudence.)
Mission Statement, D.O.C.. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- In the Matter of the Marriage of James H. Boldt. 176 P.3d 388 (SC Oregon 2008).
American legal precedent confirms child’s right to reject circumcision: The case of Boldt v. Boldt, Circumcision Information Australia. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
- Denniston, George C.: World Health Organization, HIV, and male circumcision , Doctors Opposing Circumcision (D.O.C.). (29 June 2020). Retrieved 2 September 2020.