Risks and complications

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The risks and complications of male circumcision are extensive and only gradually being recognized by medical authorities.

Male circumcision is a surgical operation that amputates a body part with various protective, immunological, sensory, and sexual functions. When considering the complications, risks, and other disadvantages, one must consider the surgical risks and also the loss of function inherent in the loss of a body part. Adverse sexual and psychological effects have been identified, that should be considered in assessing the total risk of a proposed circumcision.

A wide range of surgical complications occur in 2-10% of the cases. The risks are classified as bleeding, infection, and surgical mishap.[1]

Since there are approximately 120 million circumcised men in the United States today, it stands to reason that there are millions of men who suffer daily from the effects of these botched circumcisions and amputations.

Perhaps worst of all, more than 117[2] to 229[3] infants in the U.S. die from circumcision every year.

The typical circumcision of an infant boy is a medically-unnecessary, non-therapeutic surgery. It has no upside, only numerous downsides.

Many men report a loss of sensation after circumcision.

See also

External links


  1. Williams, N; L. Kapila (October 1993). "Complications of circumcision". Brit J Surg 80 (10): 1231-6.
  2. REFjournal Bollinger D, Boy's Health Advisory. Lost Boys: An Estimate of U.S. Circumcision-Related Infant Deaths. Thymos: Journal of Boyhood Studies. 26 April 2010; 4(1): 78–90. DOI. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  3. Baker RL. Newborn male circumcision: needless and dangerous. Sexual Medicine Today 1979;3(11):35-36)