First International Symposium

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The First International Symposium on Circumcision convened at the Emerald Hotel near Disneyland in Anaheim, CA, USA on 1-3 March 1989.


Eleven persons presented papers to the symposium.

  • Altschul, Martin, M.D.[a 1]
The Issue of Urinary Tract Infections
Female Circumcision: Field Observations in Egypt
  • DeMeo, V. James, Ph.D.[a 2]
Attacks Upon the Sexuality of Children: The Global Distribution of Male and Female Circumcision
Clitoridectomy: A Nineteenth Century Answer to Masturbation
Care of the Intact Penis
  • Hosken, Fran P.
The Practice and Politics of Female Circumcision
The First Circumcision Lawsuit
Genital Pain vs. Genital Pleasure, Why the One and Not the Other?
The Ritual of Circumcision: An American Cultural Riddle
  • Robertson, James, Ph.D.[a 2]
Childhood Circumcision: Long-Term Emotional Consequences
Testimony Against Circumcision
Inertia of the Scientific Community

The proceedings of the 1st International Symposium were published in The Truth Seeker, (July/August 1989).


The Symposium adopted the Declaration of the First International Symposium on Circumcision (1989).

The Symposium was sponsored by the National Organization of Circumcision Information Resource Centers.

See also


  1. a b c d REFweb Doctor of Medicine, Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 June 2021. In the United Kingdom, Ireland and some Commonwealth countries, the abbreviation MD is common.
  2. a b c d e f g REFweb Doctor of Philosophy, Wikipedia. Retrieved 16 June 2021. (Also abbreviated as D.Phil.)
  3. REFweb Master of Public Health or Master of Philosophy in Public Health, Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  4. REFweb Juris Doctor, Wikipedia. Retrieved 13 October 2021. (Also known as Doctor of Law or Doctor of Jurisprudence.)
  5. REFweb Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, Wikipedia. Retrieved 10 January 2021.