Eleventh International Symposium

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The Eleventh International Symposium on Circumcision, Genital Integrity, and Human Rights convened at the University of California, Berkeley in Berkeley, CA, USA on July 29-31, 2010.


  • Heli Askola, LLB, LLM (Turku, Finland) 2000, Ph.D.[a 1] (European University Institute, Florence, Italy) 2005, is Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Law, Monash University in Melbourne. Before joining Monash in 2008, she worked at Cardiff Law School in the UK and she has been a visiting scholar at a number of universities around the world. Her main areas of teaching and research interest are international human rights law, feminist legal theory, and EU law. Clayton, VIC, Australia.
  • Zenas Baer, J.D.[a 2], graduated from the University of Minnesota with a BA[a 3] in German literature and political science (1976) and from Hamline University School of Law, St. Paul, MN, in 1980. Since 1980, he has been in the private practice of law in Hawley, MN. He is licensed to practice in the United States Supreme Court, United States Claims Court, United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, Eighth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals, Supreme Court of the State of Minnesota, Supreme Court of the State of North Dakota, US District Courts in Minnesota and North Dakota, and the White Earth Band of Chippewa Tribal Court. His practice is focused primarily on complex litigation and he is known to take on unusual cases generally fighting for the underdog. He has handled a number of circumcision cases and dealt extensively with the concept of informed consent as it relates to circumcision. Hawley, MN, USA.
  • Amy Callan, M.S.[a 4], holds an undergraduate degree in psychology from Manhattan College and received her MS degree in health services administration from Iona College. She worked for Hudson Health Plan, a non-profit Medicaid managed-care company in New York’s Hudson Valley, where she served as project manager and was responsible for the coordination, oversight, and implementation of projects related to nonprofit program design and strategy. Amy is currently the Business Operations Manager for Intact America, an organization that envisions a world where children are protected from permanent bodily alteration inflicted on them, without their consent, in the name of culture, religion, profit, or parental preference. Tarrytown, NY, USA.
  • Georganne Chapin, J.D.[a 2], is the founding Executive Director of Intact America (IA), and the President and CEO of Hudson Health Plan and the Hudson Center for Health Equity and Quality – all not-for-profit organizations based in Tarrytown, NY. She holds a BA[a 3] in anthropology from Barnard College, an MPhil in sociomedical sciences from Columbia University, and a J.D.[a 2] from Pace University School of Law, where she has taught health law and bioethics. She is also a Board member of Attorneys for the Rights of the Child. As Executive Director of IA, Georganne has been quoted widely in the press, has been featured on many radio shows – local, national, and abroad – and has appeared on national television (MSNBC, NBC’s Today Show, and FOX News). Tarrytown, NY, USA.
  • George Denniston, M.D.[a 5], received his degree from Princeton University, his M.P.H.[a 6] from Harvard School of Public Health, is the founder of Doctors Opposing Circumcision (D.O.C.), and the co-author of Doctors Re-Examine Circumcision. He is co-editor of the proceedings of the International Symposia on Circumcision, Human Rights, and Genital Integrity, Sexual Mutilations: A Human Tragedy; Male and Female Circumcision: Medical, Legal, and Ethical Considerations in Pediatric Practice; Understanding Circumcision: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to a Multi-Dimensional Problem; Flesh and Blood: Perspectives on the Problem of Circumcision in Contemporary Society; Bodily Integrity and the Politics of Circumcision: Culture, Controversy and Change; Circumcision and Human Rights; and Genital Autonomy: Protecting Personal Choice. He is Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington. Seattle, WA, USA.
  • Erika Dionisio is a graduating student in the Department of Applied Psychology, University of Padua. She was involved in a field qualitative research on genital modifications in the Venda region in South Africa, and she collected data on body image from South African students. Padua, Italy.
  • Dean Edell, M.D.[a 5], received his medical degree from Cornell University. He is known for his candid straight talk on radio and television, translating complicated medical information into concise, easy-to-understand reports, and for tackling topics that are obscure, unusual, and often controversial. As one of the first media doctors, he knows the dangers of distorted medical reporting. Dr. Edell sorts through the morass of research, distinguishing fact from fiction. He has been outspoken on the issue of circumcision and promoted genital integrity since 1982. San Francisco, CA, USA.
  • Christopher Fletcher, M.D.[a 5], is a family physician in Santa Fe, NM, who graduated cum laude from Harvard College, has an M.D.[a 5] from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical School in Dallas, and residency training in the University of Massachusetts Medical Center Family Practice Residency Program. He has been in public and private practice in New Mexico since 1981, is an assistant clinical professor of family and community medicine at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine, and has a long-term interest in circumcision issues, having not performed one since 1981 and having left his own sons intact. He takes pride in being a supporter of the nurses who founded Nurses for the Rights of the Child at St. Vincent Hospital. He has delivered over a thousand babies and with aggressive but supportive and caring education of parents was able to prevent all but 10 of the boys he delivered from being circumcised. Santa Fe, NM, USA.
  • Pia Grassivaro Gallo, Ph.D.[a 1], Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of Padua’s Psychology Faculty, and former teacher of Applied Biology, Human Genetics, and Anthropogenetics. Her research on the biology of current human populations has taken place in several developing countries, particularly Somalia (from 1972 to 1985). At the invitation of the Somali Ministry of Public Health (1981), she was invited to take part in a scientific mission to Somaliland. Since 1988, she has been responsible for the Padua Working Group on FGM, dealing with African immigrants in Italy. Since 2000, she has studied the expansive forms of the traditional interventions on female genitalia, carrying out field research in Central Africa (Uganda, Malawi, and Congo RDC). She was co-coordinator of the VIIIth International Symposium on Circumcision and Human Rights. Padua, Italy.
  • John V. Geisheker, J.D.[a 2], a native of New Zealand, is the Executive Director of Doctors Opposing Circumcision (D.O.C.), an international non-profit organization based in Seattle, Washington. As Director of D.O.C., he appears at medical and childbirth conventions, as well as educational institutions, presenting on the medical science and bioethics of merely cultural, non-therapeutic infant genital surgeries. He is the author of numerous publications on the subject. A law professor by education, he has been a litigator, law lecturer, arbitrator, and mediator, specializing in medical disputes for 27 years. Most recently, he and D.O.C. successfully defended Misha Boldt, a 14-year-old facing an involuntary religious conversion, including non-therapeutic circumcision, a cause that was eventually appealed to the United States Supreme Court. Mr. Geisheker is proud that, in the 1960s, his native New Zealand fully abandoned medicalized infant circumcision as unethical and unnecessary. Seattle, WA, USA.
  • Antonio Iaria, is former director of the Psychiatric Hospital of Santa Maria della Pietà in Rome and has been responsible for the Transcultural Psychiatric Group, which also works in Rome. He has worked in Somalia for several years at the Faculty of Medicine of the Somali National University. He was co-founder, with Professor Grassivaro Gallo, of the Padua Working Group on FGM, University of Padua. Padua, Italy.
  • Charles Geshekter, Ph.D.[a 1], Professor Emeritus of African history at California State University, Chico, earned his Ph.D.[a 1] in history from UCLA and received numerous grants for his African field research. His writings examine modern Somali history, techniques of documentary film making, and reappraising AIDS in Africa. Geshekter established the Somali Studies International Association and coordinated its first conference in Mogadishu (1980). In 1985, he produced a PBS documentary, “The Parching Winds of Somalia” for WQED-TV. During the UN intervention in Somalia (1992-95), Geshekter was news analyst for CBS National Radio Network, KRON-TV/San Francisco, and PBS. Geshek-ter coordinated the program for the 1989 Meeting of the American Association for Advancement of Science/Pacific Division. From 1991-95, he chaired its History of Science Section and served on its Executive Council. In 1995-96, he was Chief Policy Advisor on Education Finance for the California State Assembly. He has served as a consultant and researcher on African immigration issues for the Department of Justice. Geshekter was a member of the South African Presidential AIDS Advisory Panel (2000-03). Chico, CA, USA.
  • David Gisselquist, Ph.D.[a 1], received his degree in economics from Yale University, with experience in anthropology and rural development. He has published more than 20 medical journal articles on HIV in Africa and India. His history of unsafe health care and HIV, Points to Consider: Responses to HIV/AIDS in Africa, Asia,and the Caribbean, is available from Adonis & Abbey, London, and also for free download on-line at: http://sites.google.com/site/davidgisselquist/pointstoconsider. He has traveled and worked in Africa and Asia and has assisted field research on HIV in India and Kenya. He co-edited a collection of country studies on injection practices, Pilot-Testing the WHO Tools to Assess and Evaluate Injection Practices (WHO, 2003), and has spoken at WHO and at international AIDS conferences. He is an independent researcher and consultant. Hershey, PA, USA.
  • Leonard B. Glick, M.D.[a 5], Ph.D.[a 1], received his medical degree from the University of Maryland and his doctorate at the University of Pennsylvania. He is Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, Hampshire College, Amherst, Massachusetts, and the author of Abraham’s Heirs: Jews and Christians in Medieval Europe, “Religion and Genocide,”in I.A. Charny 5(ed.), The Widening Circle of Genocide (1994), and Marked in Your Flesh: Circumcision from Ancient Judea to Modern America (2005). New Salem, MA, USA.
  • Frederick M. Hodges, D Phil (Oxon), is a medical historian, the co-author of What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About Circumcision: Untold Facts on America’s Most Widely Performed—and Most Unnecessary—Surgery (Warner Books 2002), and co-editor of the proceedings of the International Symposia on Circumcision, Human Rights, and Genital Integrity, Sexual Mutilations: A Human Tragedy; Male and Female Circumcision: Medical, Legal and Ethical Considerations in Pediatric Practice; Understanding Circumcision: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to a Multi-Dimensional Problem; Flesh and Blood: Perspectives on the Problem of Circumcision in Contemporary Society; Bodily Integrity and the Politics of Circumcision: Culture, Controversy and Change; Circumcision and Human Rights; Genital Autonomy: Protecting Personal Choice. Berkeley, CA, USA.
  • David J. Llewellyn, J.D.[a 2], a graduate of the University of Virginia, is a trial lawyer with the firm of Johnson & Ward in Atlanta, Georgia, who has fifteen years’ experience litigating wrongful circumcision, circumcision damage, and related cases in federal and state courts throughout the United States and Canada with regard to the problem of neonatal male circumcision. A majority of his practice consists of genital injury litigation. Atlanta, GA, USA.
  • James Loewen is a photographer, videographer, and intactivist. Since 1993, his work has been increasingly focused on ending the genital mutilation of infants and children. His videotaped interviews can be seen at Bonobo3D on Youtube. Vancouver, BC, Canada.
  • Gillian Longley, RN[a 7], BScN[a 8], MSS[a 9], the mother of two grown intact sons, is a registered nurse with 11 years experience in newborn nursery and neonatal intensive care. For the last five years, she has been co-coordinator of NOCIRC of Colorado. Her recent master’s degree research was a content analysis of how parent circumcision handouts present the alternative of not circumcising. Boulder, CO, USA.
  • Paul Mason, J.D.[a 2], was appointed Commissioner for Children for the Australian State of Tasmanian in 2007. The Commissioner is a State appointment independent of the elected government of the day and responsible for advising government about all matters concerning the health, welfare, development, education of children and their protection from all forms of abuse and neglect. His other primary function is to raise public awareness about these matters. Before that, he had three decades’ experience working in all areas of family law, including complex parenting and child protection cases, both as a solicitor and barrister across Australia. He is deeply committed to the human rights of children and a strong believer in their capacity to make valuable contributions to all decisions affecting their welfare and development. Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.
  • Linda Massie, BSc, PGDip, is currently the director of NOCIRC of Northern Ireland, a voluntary charity that she established following the attempted suicide of her eldest son due to circumcision trauma. In 2009, Linda was awarded funding from UnLtd, the foundation for Social Entrepreneurs and she is developing an educational outreach project for counsellors and psychologists in Northern Ireland on the emotional consequences associated with genital surgeries on children. Linda is currently a member of Business and Professional Women UK, Ltd., which has co-funded this presentation. Glengormley, County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
  • Ken McGrath, VRD, M.S.[a 4] (Hons), LIBiol, MNZIMLS, Senior Lecturer in Pathology in the Faculty of Health, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand, has made a lifelong study of the male genitalia, which he has taught to medical students. His research interests are the innervation of the penis and fungal diseases of the skin. Auckland, NZ.
  • Marilyn Fayre Milos, RN[a 7], is the founder and director of the National Organization of Circumcision Information Resource Centers (NOCIRC) and coordinator of the International Symposia on Circumcision, Sexual Mutilations, and Genital Integrity. She is the co-editor of the symposia books, Sexual Mutilations: A Human Tragedy (1997), Male and Female Circumcision: Medical Legal and Ethical Considerations in Pediatric Practice (1999), Understanding Circumcision: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to a Multi-Dimensional Problem (2001), Flesh and Blood: Perspectives on the Problem of Circumcision in Contemporary Society (2004), Bodily Integrity and the Politics of Circumcision: Culture, Controversy, and Change (2006), Circumcision and Human Rights (Springer 2008), Genital Autonomy: Protecting Personal Choice (2010), editor of the NOCIRC Annual Newsletter, and the NOCIRC Fall Update. San Anselmo, CA, USA.
  • Soraya Miré was born in Somalia, immigrated to Europe at age 17, and studied literature and political science at the University of Grenoble. In 1984, Miré moved to Los Angeles to begin a film career. She is an award-winning director, writer, and activist. Her segment on FGM was featured in the Vagina Monologues and her documentary, Fire Eyes, which highlights the barbaric practice of FGM, was featured at the International Women’s Conference in Beijing, the United Nations International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, the Sundance Film Festival in Utah, and the United Nations in Geneva. Miré has received numerous awards, including the “Humanitarian Award” (United Nations Sub-Commission Sessions), “Winnie Mandela Award” (John Jay College of Criminal Justice), “Best Documentary” (United Nations International Conference on Population and Development), “Human Rights Award” (International Symposia on Circumcision), and Intact America’s “Personal Courage Award 2009.” She has appeared on the Oprah Winfrey Show, CNN, and Nightline with Ted Koppel. She lectures at colleges and universities and has stood before committees at the UN, US Senate Human Resources and Health Assembly, and the World Health Organization. She works with medical professionals, government officials, and women and families who have been affected by FGM, persistently protecting human rights. Los Angeles, CA, USA.
  • Miriam Pollack, an educator in private practice, has been advocating for genital integrity for Jewish as well as non-Jewish baby boys for the past 19 years by writing, speaking, counseling Jewish parents, and providing alternative brit b’lee milah ceremonies for interested parents. Her article, “Circumcision: A Jewish Feminist Perspective,” was published in Jewish Women Speak Out: Expanding the Boundaries of Psychotherapy (Canopy Press, 1995), her paper, “Circumcision: Redefining the Sacred,” was published in Sexual Mutilations: A Human Tragedy (New York and London: Plenum Press, 1997), and her paper, “Circumcision: If It Isn’t Ethical, Can It Be Spiritual?,” was published in Circumcision and Human Rights (2009). She appeared in the documentary, Whose Body, Whose Rights? Boulder, CO, USA.
  • Clare Puskarczyk received her M.A.[a 10] in Consciousness Studies at John F. Kennedy University in the San Francisco Bay Area. She is a Ph.D.[a 1] candidate in Philosophy and Religion at the California Institute of Integral Studies in San Francisco, with a focus on Philosophy, Cosmology, and Consciousness. Her primary interest has been the consciousness of children. Denver, CO, USA.
  • Hatem Kamal Saied, BSc, Graduate Diploma, M.S.[a 4] Science, physics and IT, Alexandria University, is the founder of the first Arabic online society opposing MGM. Alexandria, Egypt.
  • Dolores Sangiuliano, RN[a 7], an active member of NOCIRC of Colorado, has been an intactivist for 24 years and a registered nurse for 20 years. She works primarily with psychiatric and detox populations. She is a devoted mother of five, and is currently working on a baccalaureate in nursing with the intention of infiltrating academia and the nursing profession with the genital integrity message. Boulder, CO, USA.
  • David Smith was educated at St. Joseph’s College, Market Drayton, and he qualified in business studies at Underwood College. He worked for Re-Solv, a solvent abuse charity, and is currently General Manager of NORM-UK, a charity dedicated to giving men a choice. He created and now edits NORM NEWS, the organization’s magazine for members and concerned individuals. Stone, Staffordshire, UK.
  • Michelle R. Storms, M.D.[a 5], is an Assistant Director and the Research Director for the Marquette Family Medicine Residency Program in Marquette, Michigan. She is an assistant clinical professor at Michigan State University College of Human Medicine. After graduating from Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Dr. Storms completed her Family Medicine residency training at St. Mary’s Hospital in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. While a resident physician, she developed an aversion to neonatal circumcision, which led her to challenge the status quo by refusing to perform circumcision post-residency. For ten years, she has provided support to the resident physicians in her program who are conscientious objectors to circumcision. Dr. Storms has published on the topic of circumcision individually and in collaboration with Robert S. Van Howe, M.D.[a 5]. Marquette, MI, USA.
  • Moisés Tractenberg, M.D.[a 5], received his Bachelor of Philosophy degree in 1955 and his degree in medicine from the Faculdade de Medicina de Pôrto Alegre, Universidade do Rio Grand do Sul in 1959. He did his psychoanalytic training at the Asociación Psicoanalítica, Argentina in Buenos Aires from 1960-1965. Dr. Tractenberg is an Associate Member of Asoción Psicoanalítica, Argentina, Full Member and Training Analyst of Asociación Psicoanalítica Argentina, Full Member of the International Psychoanalytic Association, London, and, upon his return to Brazil in 1976, Full Member and Training Analyst at Sociedade Psichoanalítica do Rio de Janeiro from 1976 to 1996. He is a Full Member and Training Analyst at Sociedade Brasileira de Psicanálise do Rio de Janeiro since 1982, and the founder and editor of Journal of Psychoanalysis of Rio de Janeiro from 1989 to 1992. He is the author of Psychoanalysis of Circumcision (five editions), Psychoanalysis and Psychoanalysts in the XXIth Century, Curative Factors in Psychoanalysis, Psychoanalytic Chronicles for the Midia, and Abraham, Sarah and Hagar. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • John W. Travis, M.D.[a 5], M.P.H.[a 6], specialized in preventive medicine at Johns Hopkins University, founded the first wellness center in the US (1975), co-authored several books, including the Wellness Workbook (Random House/Ten Speed Press, 1981, 1988, 2004), and developed the Wellness Inventory, used by corporations, hospitals, spas, and wellness coaches in many countries around the world. In 1999, along with Marilyn Milos and 11 other experts, he co-founded the Alliance for Transforming the Lives of Children (aTLC.org), dedicated to ending normative abuse. He now promotes full-spectrum wellness, which embraces body, mind, emotions, and spirit, encompassing our entire lifespan and connecting all aspects of our environment—including infants, children, adults, community, and planet. He is an adjunct professor at both the California Institute for Integral Studies and the Master of Wellness program at Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) University in Melbourne, Australia. Mullumbimby, NSW, Australia.
  • Maria Chiara Turrini, Ph.D.[a 1], is a researcher in applied geology (Engineering Geology) at Ferrara University. Thanks to her experience, she, along with friends and students, has helped create a volunteer association, Water for Life. Headquartered in Ferrara since its founding in 2002, the association has worked in Somalia in close collaboration with the Homonymous Association of Trento. The associations are working together with a Somali community in Ayuub village, near the town of Merka, on projects of agriculture, education, and empowerment of women. Ferrara, Italy.
  • Robert S. Van Howe, M.D.[a 5], MS, graduated from Loyola-Stritch School of Medicine, completed a pediatrics residency at the Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and received a Masters of Science in Clinical Research Design and Statistical Analysis from the University of Michigan School of Public Health. He is a Clinical Professor at Michigan State University College of Human Medicine and a full-time pediatrician for Bell Memorial Hospital in Ishpeming, Michigan. Dr. Van Howe has researched and published extensively on neonatal circumcision. He has lectured worldwide and provided expert testimony in court cases involving circumcision. His goal is to provide an evidence-based and scientific appraisal of the medical literature on this topic. He is considered a leading expert on neonatal circumcision, which led to his being a consultant for the World Health Organization, the Centers for Disease Control, and the American Academy of Pediatrics. Marquette, MI, USA.
  • Franco Viviani, Ph.D.[a 1], a physical anthropologist, is professor of anthropology applied to psychology at the Department of Applied Psychology, University of Padua. He has been involved with studies about FGM and, as the director of NOCIRC of Italy, on studies about male circumcision. He has published scientific papers and articles on these topics and has presented some of his research in the popular media.
  • Astrik Vardanyan, BA[a 3], M.A.[a 10], received her BA[a 3] in English linguistics and literature from the Institute of Foreign Languages, Yerevan, Armenia, in 1996, and her master’s degree in anthropology at California State University, Northridge. She is a recipient of the McArthur scholarship in journalism, a fellowship at the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists in Chicago, Illinois, where she published articles on social and environmental issues. Her recent interests are cross-cultural child-rearing practices. She is an advocate of genital integrity for boys and girls, prolonged breastfeeding, co-sleeping, and natural birth. Vardanyan is inclined toward action or advocacy anthropology and employs her research to out-reach the general public through media, seminars, and small group and individual talks. Northridge, CA, USA.
  • B. Maurene White, RN[a 7], graduated from Montreal General Hospital School of Nursing in 1962 and received a BTh[a 11] in 1988, a DipEd[a 12] in 1991, and a BA[a 3] (medical anthropology) in 1997 from McGill University. She has worked in different areas of nursing, with special interest in perinatality and outpost work as a nurse practitioner in northern Canada. She currently does private case nursing, consulting, and has developed a health-tracking system as an iPhone and iPod application. Montreal, QC, Canada.
  • David Wilton, J.D.[a 2], received his undergraduate degree from the University of Texas at El Paso and his law degree from the South Texas College of Law. He has a long-standing interest in issues of body integrity and HIV/AIDS. He blogs at Male Circumcision and HIV (www.circumcisionandhiv.com) while maintaining a full-time law practice specializing in criminal defense. His primary interests, outside of nurturing a debate on the controversial measure of removing sexual tissue to reduce the spread of HIV, are in the areas of criminal justice, languages, and journalism. San Francisco, CA, USA.
  • Hugh Young, BSc, is a retired broadcaster and editor with a science background. He has published two dictionaries, of Solomon Islands Pijin and New Zealand Maori place name pronunciation (oral, now online at ngaingoa.notlong.com). He has presented three papers at genital integrity symposia, on the rise and fall of circumcision in New Zealand (with Ken McGrath), on circumcision as a memeplex, and on the foreskin and circumcision in popular media, subsequently published. For more than 11 years he has maintained the Intactivism Pages, www.circumstitions.com, a pro-intact website. Pukerua Bay, New Zealand.



Thursday, July 29

  • Looking Back and Looking Forward
Dean Edell and Marilyn Milos, with Georganne Chapin
  • Circumcision and More
Clare Puskarczyk
  • Surgeries in Search of Disorders: Intersex and Circumcision in American History
Elizabeth Reis
  • Intersex Genital Autonomy: What and Why
Paul Mason
  • The Harmfulness of Circumcision
George C. Denniston
  • The Evolution of Circumcision Methods ‑ Not “Just a Snip”
Hugh Young
  • Dangerous Myths and Tragic Misconceptions: The Orthodox View of AIDS in Africa
Charles Geshekter
  • Stopping AIDS in Africa
David Gisselquist
  • Blogging Male Circumcision and HIV: Addressing the Establishment with Social Media
David Wilton
  • So They Claim to Know the Answer: The Problem of Association Taken as Causality
Ken McGrath
  • Ten Years of Training: My Experiences as Residency Faculty
Michelle Storms
  • Video Intactivism
James Loewen
  • Brainstorming Session for Health Professionals
Gillian Longley, Dolores Sanguiliano, and Michelle R. Storms

Friday, July 30

  • Tortured Doctrines, Tortured Bodies: How Legal Fictions Help Justify and Perpetuate Circumcision and Other Inhumane Practices
J. Steven Svoboda
Heli Askola
  • Medical Provider’s Duty of Care to a One‑Day Old Infant
Zenas Baer
  • The Children We Injure: The Human Rights of Children vs the Parents’ Free Exercise of Belief
John V. Geisheker
John W. Travis
  • Human Thanatophilia: The Psycho‑Cultural Processes Behind Genital Mutilations of Children and Adolescents
Moisés Tractenberg
  • Male Circumcision and the Potential for Unexplained Male Adolescent Suicide in Northern Ireland[1]
Linda Massie
  • The Circumcision Lobby
David J. Llewellyn
  • How Not to Get Published: The Top Ten Pro‑Circumcision Journals
Robert S. Van Howe
  • Circumcision: Gender and Power
Miriam Pollack
  • Defying the Enlightenment: Jewish Ethnicity and Ethnic Circumcision
Leonard B. Glick
  • Policy Discussion: Presenting Our Position to Jewish Americans
Leonard B. Glick and Mark D. Reiss
  • Banquet, Standing Up for the Rights of Children
Soraya Miré, and Entertainment by Karl Anthony

Saturday, July 31

  • Ka‑Priests and the Mastaba of Ankhmahor: Setting the Record Straight about Ancient Egyptian Phallic Rituals
Frederick M. Hodges
  • NOCIRC of Arabia: A Pilot Version in Arabic
Hatem Kamal Saied
  • Reclaiming Circumcision: Armenian Stories
Astrik Vardanyan
  • The Quest for Blankness: Project MK‑ULTRA and the CIA’s Circumcision Research
Frederick M. Hodges
  • Genital Stretching Among the Venda Ethnic Group in South Africa
Erika Dionisio, Pia Grassivaro Gallo, Franco Viviani
  • Women from Timan Adde (Merka‑Somalia) Pray to Allah in Order to be Freed from Pharaonic Circumcision/Infibulation
Pia Grassivaro Gallo and Prof. Maria Chiara Turrini
  • Possession Ritual and Somalian Pharaonic Circumcision Culture
Steffania Gazzea, Pia Grassivaro Gallo, Antonio Iaria
  • Female Genital Mutilation and the Amelioration of Complex Trauma through Relational Attunement
Patricia D. Raya
  • Male Circumcision Among the Venda of Limpopo (South Africa)
Erika Dionisio and Franco Viviani
  • Penile Wounding: The Spectrum of Complications of Routine Male Circumcision as Seen in a Typical American Family Medical Practice
Christopher Fletcher
  • Full‑time vs Part‑time Foreskin Restoration
Ron Low
  • Healing the Harms of Circumcision: A Case Study
B. Maurene White
  • Status Report from Intact America
Georganne Chapin
  • Genital Autonomy: A New Approach
David Smith

The proceedings are published in Genital Cutting: Protecting Children from Medical, Cultural, and Religious Infringements, edited by George C. Denniston, Frederick M. Hodges, and Marilyn Fayre Milos, Springer, 2013.

Symposium organizers

The Symposium was sponsored by the National Organization of Circumcision Information Resource Centers and Intact America.

See also

External links


  1. a b c d e f g h i j k REFweb Doctor of Philosophy, Wikipedia. Retrieved 16 June 2021. (Also abbreviated as D.Phil.)
  2. a b c d e f g REFweb Juris Doctor, Wikipedia. Retrieved 13 October 2021. (Also known as Doctor of Law or Doctor of Jurisprudence.)
  3. a b c d e REFweb Bachelor of Arts, Wikipedia. Retrieved 13 October 2021. (BA or AB; from the Latin baccalaureus artium or artium baccalaureus.)
  4. a b c REFweb Master of Science, Wikipedia. Retrieved 13 October 2021. (Latin: magisterii scientiae; also abbreviated MS, MSc, M.Sc., SM, S.M., ScM or Sc.M.)
  5. a b c d e f g h i j k REFweb Doctor of Medicine, Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 June 2021. In the United Kingdom, Ireland and some Commonwealth countries, the abbreviation MD is common.
  6. a b REFweb Master of Public Health or Master of Philosophy in Public Health, Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  7. a b c d REFweb Registered nurse, Wikipedia. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  8. REFweb Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 October 2021. (Also abbreviated as BSN, also known in some countries as a Bachelor of Nursing (BN) or Bachelor of Science (BS).)
  9. REFweb Master of Social Science, Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 October 2021. (Also abbreviated as MSocSc or MSSc.)
  10. a b REFweb Master of Arts, Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  11. REFweb Bachelor of Theology, Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 October 2021. (Also abbreviated as ThB, or BTheol.)
  12. REFweb Diploma of Education, Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 October 2021. (Also abbreviated as GradDipEd.)


  1. REFbook Massie L (2013): Male Circumcision and the Potential for Unexplained Male Adolescent Suicide in Northern Ireland, in: Genital Cutting: Protecting Children from Medical, Cultural, and Religious Infringements. Denniston, G.C., Hodges, F.M. and Milos, M.F. (ed.). Dordrecht: Springer. Pp. 101-106.