Sixth International Symposium

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The Sixth International Symposium on Genital Integrity convened in Wesley College at the University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia on December 7-9, 2000.


  • Seham Abd el Salam Muhammed, M.D.[a 1], research fellow, Department of Sociology-Anthropology, the American University in Cairo, member of the Egyptian FGM Task Force, founder of Resource Center of FGM Cairo, Egypt.
  • John Aldous, co-founder E.B.-N.O.R.M. (Everyman’s Birthright - National Organization of Restoring Men). Everard Park, SA, Australia.
  • Zenas Baer, J.D.[a 2], attorney concentrating on Federal Civil Rights Litigation. Hawley, MN, USA.
  • Jeannine Parvati Baker, MS, co-founder, Six Directions non-profit educational organisation, author and lecturer. Joseph, UT, USA.
  • Peter Ball, M.A.[a 3], MB, B.Chir., retired family practitioner, producer and director, non-surgical foreskin restoration video. Turnbridge Wells, Kent, UK.
  • Gillian A. Bensley conducted research study for Bachelor of Social Science (Honours) degree in Psychology. Bond University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.
  • Daniel H. Bollinger, III, BA[a 4], founder and Director, Wabash Men’s Council, IN, USA.
  • Charles A. Bonner, J.D.[a 2], civil rights, personal injury, and medical malpractice attorney. Sausalito, CA, USA.
  • Gregory J. Boyle, Ph.D.[a 5], Professor of Psychology, Bond University. Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.
  • Mary Conant, RN[a 6], conscientious objector to circumcision, co-founder, Nurses for the Rights of the Child. Santa Fe, NM, USA.
  • Robert Darby, Ph.D.[a 5], scholar and editor, researched the history of the rise and decline of routine circumcision in Australia for his book on the subject. Canberra, ACT, Australia.
  • Paul Fleiss, M.D.[a 1], M.P.H.[a 7], paediatrician. Los Angeles, CA, USA.
  • Tracey Gemmel, candidate for Postgraduate Diploma of Professional Psychology, Bond University. Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.
  • Pia Grassivaro Gallo, Ph.D.[a 5], associate professor, general biology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Padua. Padua, Italy.
  • Yngve Hofvander, paediatrician, Professor, International Child Health, Uppsala University, Sweden, consultant to the Swedish International Development Authority, World Health Organization, and UNICEF. Uppsala, Sweden.
  • Frederick M. Hodges, Ph.D.[a 5] (Oxon), medical historian, co-editor, Male and Female Circumcision: Medical, Legal, and Ethical Considerations in Pediatric Practice (Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press 1999). University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
  • LeYoni Junos, Director, Amnesty International Bermuda, Bermuda Human Rights Commissioner. Hamilton, Bermuda.
  • Michael Katz, M.D.[a 1], Vice President of Research for the March of Dimes. White Plains, NY, USA.
  • Dai Sik Kim, Ph.D.[a 5], Professor, Department of Physics, Seoul National University. Seoul, Korea.
  • Sae Chul Kim, M.D.[a 1], Department of Urology, College of Medicine, Chung Ang University, Seoul, Korea.
  • Tina Kimmel, MSW, M.P.H.[a 7], doctoral candidate in public health, University of California, Berkeley, Director, NOCIRC of California – East Bay. Oakland, CA, USA.
  • Peter Lawrence, MS, doctoral candidate, University of Sydney, counsellor,and founder of UNCIRC of Australia in 1994. Sydney, NSW, Australia.
  • Els Leye, Female Genital Mutilation Project Coordinator, International Centre for Reproductive Health. Ghent, Belgium.
  • Hanny Lightfoot-Klein, M.A.[a 3], cross-cultural sexologist and clinical supervisor,The American Board of Sexology, author, Prisoners of Ritual: An Odyssey Into Female Genital Mutilation, A Woman’s Odyssey into Africa: Tracks Across a Life, and Genital Surgery and the Rights of Children. Tucson, AZ, USA.
  • Linda Massie, BSc, PG/Dip, founder and Director, NOCIRC of Northern Ireland. Glen gormley, County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
  • Brett McCann, Counsellor, Sexual Health Clinic, Sydney Hospital, President, Australasian Sexual Health Counsellors Society. Sydney, NSW, Australia.
  • Kenneth A. McGrath, VRD, M.S.[a 8] (Hons), LIBiol, MNZIMLS, RNZNVR (Rtd), Senior Lecturer in Pathology, Faculty of Health Studies, Auckland University of Technology. Auckland, New Zealand.
  • Marilyn Fayre Milos, RN[a 6], co-founder and Director, NationalOrganization of Circumcision Information Resource Centers(NOCIRC), Coordinator, International Symposia on Genital Integrity. San Anselmo, CA, USA.
  • Pandy S. Ndimwibo, BA[a 4] SWASA, DIP PPM, PGD Counselling,Chairman of the Uganda Reproductive Health Bureau. Kampala, Uganda, Africa.
  • Juliana Nkrumah, MS, Community Education and Development Officer, NSW Education Program on FGM, Ethnic Affairs Commission of NSW, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
  • Myung-Geol Pang, Ph.D.[a 5], GenDix, Co., Korea, Institute of Reproductive Medicine and Population, Medical Research Center, Seoul National University. Seoul, Korea.
  • Shane Peterson, Ph.D.[a 5], International Office for Men’s Health and Gender Studies, School of Nursing and Public Health, Edith Cowan University. Canberra, ACT, Australia.
  • Royal Phillips, CBE, international childbirth instructor, columnist, Montecito Journal. Santa Barbara, CA, USA.
  • Samuel M. Ramos conducted research study for Bachelor of Social Science (Honours) degree in Psychology at Bond University. Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.
  • Samuel Richmond, BA[a 4], MLS, librarian and Director, NOCIRC of California - Irvine. Irvine, CA, USA.
  • William Sides, Managing Director of Sides Engineering, developed the “Pill Tube” foreskin restoration method. Wheelers Hill, VIC, Australia.
  • Morris L. Sorrells, M.D.[a 1], retired paediatrician, consultant. Atherton, CA, USA.
  • J. Steven Svoboda, J.D.[a 2], founder and Director, Attorneys for the Rights of the Child (ARC), Berkeley, CA, USA.
  • Moisés Tractenberg, M.D.[a 1], psychoanalyst, author, Director, NOCIRC of Brazil. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • John W. Travis, M.D.[a 1], M.P.H.[a 7], founder and co-director, Wellness Associates, author, Wellness Inventory and the Wellness Workbook, co-founder, International Coalition for Genital Integrity, co-founder, Alliance for Transforming the Lives of Children. East Gipsland, VIC, Australia.
  • J. Neville Turner, LLB (Hons), BA[a 4], barrister and solicitor, authored six books and numerous articles on child and family law, board member and former president of Oz Child. Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
  • Franco Viviani, Ph.D.[a 5], professor, physical education, cultural anthropology, and general biology, University of Padua. Padua, Italy.
  • Shelton Harrison Walden, BA[a 4], Executive Producer and host, Walden’s Pond, WBAI radio, teacher, High School for Environmental Studies. New York, NY, USA.
  • John Warren, MB, DCH, FRCP, founder and Director, National Organization of Restoring Men (NORM-UK), Director, NOCIRC of UK. Harlow, Essex, UK.
  • Norma Wilcox, RN[a 6], MS, Director, Urological/GynecologicalTeaching Associate Programs, Stanford University and University of California/San Francisco Schools of Medicine and Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine. San Francisco, CA, USA.
  • George Williams, MBChB[a 9], FRACP[a 10], consultant paediatrician/perinatologist, founder and Director, NOCIRC of Australia. Menai, NSW, Australia.
  • Hugh Young, BSc, journalist and radio producer, Auckland, Whangarei, Honiara (Solomon Islands), Gisborne, and Wellington. Pukerua Bay, Aotearoa, New Zealand.
  • Avshalom Zoossmann-Diskin, Ph.D.[a 5], Avraham Kahana, and Ronit Tamir, members, The Israeli Association Against Genital Mutilation. Avshalom Zoossmann-Diskin, Ph.D.[a 5], currently a medical student in Australia is Director, The Israeli Association Against Genital Mutilation. Sturt, SA, Australia.



Thursday, 7 December

  • Welcome and Opening Remarks
Marilyn Fayre Milos and George Williams
Gregory J. Boyle
  • An Overview
George Williams, Moderator
  • Historical Revisionism in Recent Medical History: An Exposé and Analysis
Frederick M. Hodges
Robert Darby
Michael Katz
  • Legal and Ethical Considerations of Genital Mutilation
George Williams, Moderator
J. Steven Svoboda
  • Equal Protection Case Studies in the Scope and Limit of Gender-Based Discrimination Under State and Federal Constitutions
Zenas Baer
  • Human Rights of Children in the New Millennium: Legal Developments in the Fight for Children’s Genital Integrity Throughout the World
Charles A. Bonner
J. Neville Turner
  • Religious Considerations
Tina Kimmel, Moderator
  • An Epistolary Debate with David Ben Gurion About Jewish Circumcision: The Psychoanalytic Outlook
Moisés Tractenberg
  • Attitude, Knowledge, and Change Among Israeli Jewish Students Regarding Male Genital Mutilation
Avshalom Zoossmann-Diskin, Avraham Kahana, Ronit Tamir
  • Bris Shalem: Toward a Covenant of Wholeness
Samuel Richmond
  • Limitations to Practices of a Belief or Religion in International Human Rights Law – Case Study: Genital Mutilation in the Judaic Tradition
LeYoni Junos
  • Breaking Through Medical and Media Bias
Tina Kimmel, Moderator
  • The White Coat of Silence: How to Create Change in Medical School Curricula and Survive Physician Opposition
Norma Wilcox
  • The Struggle for Media Access and International Recognition
Shelton Harrison Walden

Friday, 8 December

  • International News
Peter Ball, Moderator
Hugh Young and Kenneth A. McGrath
  • Circumcision Rates in UK Males
John Warren
  • Prevention of Genital Mutilation: A Community Research and Development Project in Northern Ireland
Linda Massie
Yngve Hofvander
  • Prince for a Day: The Sumbawa Circumcision Ritual
Royal Phillips
  • Female Genital Mutilation
Juliana Nkrumah, Moderator
  • FGM: Getting the Debate Happening at the Grassroots – The Australian Experience
Juliana Nkrumah
  • Egyptian Intellectuals and Genital Integrity
Seham Abd el Salam Mohammed
  • Female Circumcision: Its Effects on the Reproductive Health of Adolescents
Pandy Ndimwibo
  • The Struggle Against Female Genital Mutilation/Female Circumcision: The European Experience
Els Leye
  • Sunna Budnin: An Alternative Ritual to Infibulation, Invented and Carried Out in the Merka District, Somalia
Pia Grassivaro Gallo and Franco Viviani
  • Genital Mutilation of Children: Where Are We Now and Where Are We Going?
Hanny Lightfoot-Klein
  • International Symposia on Genital Integrity Award Presentations
Marilyn Fayre Milos, Moderator
  • Address of the Recipient of the Human Rights Award: Over 100% Circumcision Rate: The Short and Bizarre History of South Korean Circumcision
Dai Sik Kim, Myung-Geol Pang, Sae Chul Kim

Saturday, 9 December

  • Psychological Aspects of Genital Mutilation
Gregory J. Boyle, Moderator
  • Sigmund Freud, Male Circumcision and the Mind: A Psychoanalytic Review
George Williams
Gillian A. Bensley and Gregory J. Boyle
Tracey Gemmel and Gregory J. Boyle
Samuel M. Ramos and Gregory J. Boyle
  • Counselling Approaches for Acute Post-Circumcision Stress Disorder: A Case Study
Brett McCann and Peter Lawrence
  • How to Respond to the Doctor Who Says You Must Circumcise Your Son
Paul Fleiss
  • What Exactly Is Lost With Genital Cutting?
Morris L. Sorrells, Moderator
  • Separation of the Two Sensory Platforms of the Human Penis
Kenneth A. McGrath
  • A Novel Research Study in Assessing Penile Sensitivity/Insensitivity Without a Measuring Device
Peter Lawrence
  • Touch-Test Sensory Evaluation Research: Preliminary Findings
Morris L. Sorrells and Tina Kimmel
  • Addressing the Wounds
Peter Ball, Moderator
Shane Peterson
  • Concurrent Session A: Male Genital Mutilation and Foreskin Restoration
Peter Ball, Moderator
  • Circumcision: A Festering Wound
Daniel H. Bollinger, III
  • Current Foreskin Restoration Practices in Australi
John M. Aldous
  • A report on the evolution and growth of foreskin restoration in Sydney Australia, since 1994
Peter Lawrence
  • Doctors, File Information, and Activists Can be Worse than the Circumciser’s Knife
William Sides
  • Foreskin Restoration: a video
Peter Ball
  • Concurrent Session B: The Role of Women in Ending Genital Mutilation
Jeannine Parvati Baker, Mary Conant, Linda Massie, Marilyn Fayre Milos, Moderators
  • Closing Keynote Address: Circumcision as a Part of the Normative Abuse of Children: Essentials for Transforming the Lives of Children
John W. Travis
  • Closing
Jeannine Parvati Baker


The proceedings are published in

Symposium organizers

See also

External links


  1. a b c d e f g REFweb Doctor of Medicine, Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 June 2021. In the United Kingdom, Ireland and some Commonwealth countries, the abbreviation MD is common.
  2. a b c REFweb Juris Doctor, Wikipedia. Retrieved 13 October 2021. (Also known as Doctor of Law or Doctor of Jurisprudence.)
  3. a b REFweb Master of Arts, Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  4. a b c d e REFweb Bachelor of Arts, Wikipedia. Retrieved 13 October 2021. (BA or AB; from the Latin baccalaureus artium or artium baccalaureus.)
  5. a b c d e f g h i j REFweb Doctor of Philosophy, Wikipedia. Retrieved 16 June 2021. (Also abbreviated as D.Phil.)
  6. a b c d REFweb Registered nurse, Wikipedia. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  7. a b c REFweb Master of Public Health or Master of Philosophy in Public Health, Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  8. REFweb Master of Science, Wikipedia. Retrieved 13 October 2021. (Latin: magisterii scientiae; also abbreviated MS, MSc, M.Sc., SM, S.M., ScM or Sc.M.)
  9. REFweb Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, Wikipedia. Retrieved 13 October 2021. (Latin: medicinae baccalaureus, baccalaureus chirurgiae; abbreviated in many ways, most commonly MBBS, but also MB ChB, BMBS, MB BCh, MB BChir, and BM BCh.)
  10. REFweb Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians, Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 October 2021.