Plastic surgery

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Plastic surgery is the surgical specialty or procedure concerned with the restoration, construction, reconstruction, or improvement in the form, function, and appearance of body structures that are missing, defective, damaged, or misshapen. Encompasses both reconstructive and aesthetic surgery.[1]

Circumcision is destructive excision and amputation of a functional body part and is not considered to be plastic surgery.

Plastic procedures of the foreskin


Preputioplasty is a plastic procedure carried out on the prepuce or foreskin. It is commonly used to widen a narrow foreskin to make it retractable and relieve phimosis.


Frenuloplasty is a plastic procedure carried out on the frenulum. It is most commonly used to relieve frenulum breve.

Surgical foreskin restoration

Surgical foreskin restoration is a plastic procedure carried out to restore an absent foreskin. It is rarely performed because non-surgical foreskin restoration is thought to produce better results.

Tissue expansion

Tissue expansion is a recognized non-cutting plastic procedure with several uses to create and improve the foreskin. Some tissue expansion procedures may be carried out by lay persons.


  1. REFweb (2012). Plastic surgery, Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2022.