Work in progress: The following information does not claim to be complete. More content will be added gradually.
This article wants to offer a comprehensive overview of risks which can occur by undergoing a circumcision. This page is a landing page for those who want to find a quick overview about circumcision risks. Chances are that information given here is shown in more detail in other IntactiWiki articles.
- Loss of the foreskin (100% complication rate)
- Operation scar (100% complication rate)
- Loss of the frenulum
- Loss of protection of the glans
- Reduction of the penis
- Keratinization of the glans
- Loss of sensation
- Loss of money for a medically not indicated surgery
- Restoration of the foreskin not 100% possible and very time-consuming (adults)
- Amputation of the penis
- Amputation of the glans
- Amputation of excess skin or denudation
- Burn of the penis after usage of electrocauter
- Shock or coma due to the extreme pain (newborn circumcision)
- Because circumcision is type of surgery always, it also encompasses all the basic risks of surgery.
- Bleeding, excess bleeding
- Surgical mishap
Post-operative risks (A-Z)
- Abnormal healing
- Adhesions between the shaft and the glans
- Brain damage (permanent) after herpes infection (newborn circumcision with Metzitzah b'peh)
- Chlamydiaceae infections
- Deformation of the penis
- Early ablactation (weaning) (newborn circumcision)
- Excessive foreskin removed (leads to deformation)
- Genital warts
- Herpes infection (newborn circumcision with Metzitzah b'peh)
- Inclusion cysts
- Insufficient foreskin removed (re-surgery often done)
- Intraperitoneal rupture of the urinary bladder
- Loss of penile sensitivity
- Lubricants required for masturbation and intercourse
- Lung tear due to extreme cries of pain (newborn circumcision)
- Meatal stenosis (20% complication rate)
- Meatal ulcer
- Necrosis of the penis
- Oedema of the glans
- Pain in erected state of the penis
- Risk of required re-surgery
- Sexual dysfunction
- Skin bridges between the shaft and the glans
- Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
- Tummy wall tear due to extreme cries of pain (newborn circumcision)
- Urethrocutaneous fistula
- Urinary retention (this has caused deaths)
- PTSD due to newborn trauma
- Brain damage due to the extreme pain (newborn circumcision without effective anesthesia)
- Loss of bonding and trust to parents
- Nipple confusion (newborn circumcision)
- Frustration due to sexual dysfunction
- Lowered pain sensitivity threshold (newborn circumcision)
- Feelings of being cheated, robbed, abandoned and unprotected by the own parents
- Cognitive dissonance
- Circumcision coma
- Circumcision trauma in adults
- Impotence due to psychological bad feelings of being inferior
AAP confirms complications
The AAP offers a coding newsletter for those who encode medical diagnoses in ICD codes. They offer a "Subspecialty Corner: Coding for Complications of Neonatal Circumcision" which definitely confirms that even the AAP knows of a bunch of complications.
- Circumcision botches
- Documented severe complications of circumcision
- Psychological issues of male circumcision
- Risks and complications
- Sexual effects of circumcision
Complications of Circumcision, Stanford University. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
More than 600 Circumstitions (Reasons Given for Circumcising a Male), Circumstitions. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
- Elhaik, Eran (11 January 2019).
Neonatal circumcision could increase the risk of sudden infant death syndrome in babies – new research, MedicalXpress. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
- (2017): Subspecialty Corner: Coding for Complications of Neonatal Circumcision, in: AAP Pediatric Coding Newsletter (9). Retrieved 24 February 2020.