Circumcision risks

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Work in progress: The following information does not claim to be complete. More content will be added gradually.

This article wants to offer a comprehensive overview of risks which can occur by undergoing a circumcision. This page is a landing page for those who want to find a quick overview about circumcision risks. Chances are that information given here is shown in more detail in other IntactiWiki articles.

General risks

Operative risks

  • Death
  • Amputation of the penis
  • Amputation of the glans
  • Amputation of excess skin or denudation
  • Burn of the penis after usage of electrocauter
  • Shock or coma due to the extreme pain (newborn circumcision)
  • Because circumcision is type of surgery always, it also encompasses all the basic risks of surgery.
  • Infection
  • Bleeding, excess bleeding
  • Surgical mishap

Post-operative risks (A-Z)

  • Abnormal healing
  • Adhesions between the shaft and the glans
  • Brain damage (permanent) after herpes infection (newborn circumcision with Metzitzah b'peh)
  • Chlamydiaceae infections
  • Chordee
  • Deformation of the penis
  • Early ablactation (weaning) (newborn circumcision)
  • Epispadias
  • Excessive foreskin removed (leads to deformation)
  • Fistulas
  • Genital warts
  • Gonorrhea
  • Herpes infection (newborn circumcision with Metzitzah b'peh)
  • Hypospadias
  • Impetigo
  • Impotence
  • Inclusion cysts
  • Infection
  • Insufficient foreskin removed (re-surgery often done)
  • Intraperitoneal rupture of the urinary bladder
  • Loss of penile sensitivity
  • Lubricants required for masturbation and intercourse
  • Lung tear due to extreme cries of pain (newborn circumcision)
  • Lymphoedema
  • Meatal stenosis (20% complication rate)
  • Meatal ulcer
  • Meatitis
  • Necrosis of the penis
  • Oedema of the glans
  • Phimosis
  • Pain in erected state of the penis
  • Risk of required re-surgery
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Skin bridges between the shaft and the glans
  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome[1]
  • Syphilis
  • Tummy wall tear due to extreme cries of pain (newborn circumcision)
  • Uretritis
  • Urethrocutaneous fistula
  • Urinary retention (this has caused deaths)
  • ...

Psychological risks

Immediate risks

  • PTSD due to newborn trauma
  • Brain damage due to the extreme pain (newborn circumcision without effective anesthesia)
  • Loss of bonding and trust to parents
  • Nipple confusion (newborn circumcision)
  • Frustration due to sexual dysfunction
  • Lowered pain sensitivity threshold (newborn circumcision)

Delayed risks

AAP confirms complications

The AAP offers a coding newsletter for those who encode medical diagnoses in ICD codes. They offer a "Subspecialty Corner: Coding for Complications of Neonatal Circumcision"[2] which definitely confirms that even the AAP knows of a bunch of complications.

See also

External links

References

  1. REFweb Elhaik, Eran (11 January 2019). Neonatal circumcision could increase the risk of sudden infant death syndrome in babies – new research, MedicalXpress. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  2. REFjournal (2017): Subspecialty Corner: Coding for Complications of Neonatal Circumcision, in: AAP Pediatric Coding Newsletter (9). Retrieved 24 February 2020.